UPSC Mains-2018 – General Studies 1 Analysis













Why UPSC Asked this question?

1.Safeguarding the Indian art heritage is the need of the moment. Comment (10)
  1. Reason 1. Lok Sabha passes Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment) Bill, 2017(January 2018)
  2. Reason 2. Started Adopt a Heritage Project.(April-May 2018)

  3. Sub-project-Monument Mitra

  4. Static Portion
2.Assess the importance of the accounts of the Chinese and Arab travellers in the reconstruction of the history of India. (10)
  1. Static Portion
3.Throw light on the significance of the thoughts of Mahatma Gandhi in the present times. (10)
  1. Static Portion
4.Why is Indian Regional Navigational Satellite System (IRNSS) needed? How does it help in navigation? (10 )
  1. Reason 1. ISRO Launched IRNSS-1I(April 2018)
5.Why is India taking keen interest in the Arctic region? (10)
  1. Reason 1. China Issues Its Arctic Policy
    Hence, Biggest concern for India
    (January 2018)
6.Define mantle plume and explain its role in plate tectonics. (10)
  1. Reason 1. A deep-mantle plume fuels the Yellowstone-super volcano(March 2018)
What are the consequences of spreading of ‘Dead Zones’ on marine ecosystem? (10)
  1. Reason 1. Dead Zone Conditions being reported in Gulf due to red tide(September 2018)
8.“Caste system is assuming new identities and associational forms. Hence, caste system cannot be eradicated in India.” Comment. (10)
  1. Reason 1. Schedule caste/ Schedule Tribe Controversial Act.
  2. Reason 2. Amendment Act.
  3. Reason 3. Protest Against Amendment
  4. Reason 4. Maratha Andolan(April 2018)
9.‘Despite implementation of various Programmes for eradication of poverty by the government in India, poverty is still existing’. Explain by giving reasons. (10)
  1. Reason 1. Oxfam report on income inequality 2018(January 2018)
  2. Static Portion
10.How the Indian concept of secularism different from the western model of secularism? Discuss. (10)
  1. Static Portion
11The Bhakti movement received a remarkable re-orientation with the advent of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu. Discuss. (15)
  1. Static Portion
12Discuss whether formation of new states in recent times is beneficial or not for the economy of India. (15)
  1. Reason 1. Special category Status demand by Andhra Pradesh.
  2. Reason 2. Formation of Telangana State
  3. Reason 3. Gorkhaland Issue(July 2017)
13Why indentured labour was taken by the British from India to their colonies? have they been able to preserve their cultural identity over there? (15)
  1. Static Portion

(Hint- 11th World Hindi Conference in Mauritius)

(August 2018)

14“The ideal solution of depleting ground water resources in India is water harvesting system.” How can it be made effective in urban areas? (15)
  1. Reason 1. India is suffering from ‘the worst water crisis’ in its history
  2. Reason 2. The report, titled ‘Composite Water Management Index’
  3. Reason 3. BBC Report on Groundwater

    (February 2018)

    + Static Portion

15Defining blue revolution, explain the problems and strategies for pisciculture development in India. (15)
  1. Static Portion
16What is the significance of Industrial Corridors in India? Identifying industrial corridors, explain their main characteristics. (15)
  1. Static Portion

  2. Reason 1. Delhi –Mumbai Industrial Corridor
  3. Reason 2. Dedicated freight Corridor
17Mention core strategies for the transformation of aspirational districts in India and explain the nature of convergence, collaboration and competition for its success. (15)
  1. Reason 1. Transformation of Aspirational Districts in India-Launched by NITI Aayog(January 2018)
18‘Women’s movement in India has not addresses the issues of women of lower social strata.’ Substantiate your view. (15)
  1. Reason 1. Triple Talaq Movement.
  2. Reason 2 Female genital mutilation Issue
  3. Static Portion
19‘Globalisation is generally said to promote cultural homogenisation but due to this cultural specificities appear to be strengthened in the Indian society.’ Elucidate.
  1. Static Portion
20.Communalism arises either due to power struggle or relative deprivation.’ Argue by giving suitable illustrations. (15)
  1. Static Portion






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